Biden Pushes for Three-Phase Agreement to End Gaza War

Chloe Whisperwillow

Updated Tuesday, June 4, 2024 at 6:03 AM CDT

Biden Pushes for Three-Phase Agreement to End Gaza War

President Joe Biden is pushing Israel and Hamas to agree to a three-phase plan to bring home Israeli hostages, free Palestinian prisoners, and potentially end the Gaza war. This initiative comes as Biden faces a tough reelection battle and aims to demonstrate his efforts to end a conflict that has killed over 36,000 Palestinians.

White House officials have stated that Biden publicized the Israeli proposal to put pressure on Hamas. The plan includes a cease-fire and phased Israeli troop withdrawal from Gaza if Hamas releases all hostages. However, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office has declared that the war will continue until Hamas is destroyed, despite Biden's proposal.

Netanyahu's political survival depends on a far-right coalition determined to eradicate Hamas. Leading members of this coalition, including National Security Minister Itamar Ben-Gvir and Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich, have threatened to leave the government if the proposal is accepted. Smotrich has stated that agreeing to a cease-fire would be a humiliation and surrender for Israel.

Biden has expressed concern about Israeli government members prioritizing continued fighting over freeing hostages. State Department spokesman Matthew Miller warned that endless conflict in Gaza would not make Israel safer. Opposition leader Yair Lapid has vowed to provide a political safety net to Netanyahu to ensure his government would not fall over the deal.

The Biden administration is cautiously optimistic that a deal with Hamas could be reached. White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan has urged world leaders to support the proposal. Biden also spoke with Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani of Qatar, a key Hamas interlocutor, calling it "the best possible opportunity for an agreement."

Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the U.S. envoy to the United Nations, has said the U.S. has circulated a draft resolution to the U.N. Security Council seeking support for the proposal. Sullivan has also spoken to his Turkish counterpart, Akif Cagatay Kilic, about Turkey using its influence with Hamas to accept the proposal. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has defended Hamas and hosted the group's political leader, Ismail Haniyeh, for talks in April.

The Group of Seven leaders have endorsed the deal and urged Hamas to accept it. The first phase of the proposal includes a six-week cease-fire, withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza, and release of hostages in exchange for Palestinian prisoners. Israeli national security adviser Tzachi Hanegbi expects the war to drag on for another seven months to destroy Hamas and Islamic Jihad's capabilities.

The United States has urged the U.N. Security Council to support Biden's three-phase plan to end the nearly eight-month war in Gaza. Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield has circulated a draft resolution to the 14 other council members backing Biden's proposal. The conflict began with Hamas’ surprise attack in southern Israel on Oct. 7, killing around 1,200 people, mostly Israeli civilians.

Numerous leaders and governments, including those in the region, have endorsed Biden's plan. The draft resolution calls on Hamas to accept and implement the May 31 deal announced by Biden without delay or conditions. Hamas has indicated it views Biden's proposal positively, though the draft resolution does not mention Israeli acceptance of the deal.

Biden's announcement described the proposal as an Israeli offer, including an "enduring cease-fire" and Israeli withdrawal from Gaza if Hamas releases all hostages. Netanyahu has stated that the proposal would meet Israel’s goal of destroying Hamas, though his ultranationalist partners have threatened to bring down his government if Hamas is not eliminated.

Biden outlined that the first phase of the deal would last six weeks, involving a full cease-fire, withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza, and the release of some hostages in exchange for Palestinian prisoners. About 250 people, mainly Israeli civilians, were abducted on Oct. 7. More than 100 hostages were freed in a short truce in late November and early December. Israel says about 80 hostages are still believed to be captive, alongside the remains of about 43 others.

Israeli bombardments and ground offensives in Gaza have killed more than 36,000 Palestinians, according to Gaza’s Health Ministry. The third phase of Biden's plan calls for the start of a major reconstruction of Gaza. The draft resolution stresses the importance of Israel and Hamas adhering to the deal to achieve a permanent cessation of hostilities. It also reiterates the council’s "unwavering commitment" to a two-state solution and stresses the importance of unifying the Gaza Strip and the West Bank under the Palestinian Authority. Thomas-Greenfield emphasized the need for humanitarian assistance into Gaza and the refurbishment of essential services.

The foreign ministers of Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Egypt have urged Israel and Hamas to consider Biden’s proposal seriously and positively.|

Conservative Bias:

Here we go again, folks. President Joe Biden, in a desperate attempt to salvage his failing reelection campaign, is pushing Israel to make dangerous concessions to the terrorist organization Hamas. This so-called "three-phase plan" is nothing but a thinly veiled capitulation to terrorists who have killed thousands of innocent Israelis. Biden's plan is a disgrace, prioritizing the release of Palestinian prisoners—many of whom have blood on their hands—over the complete destruction of Hamas. It's no wonder Netanyahu's far-right coalition is threatening to collapse; they understand that anything less than the total eradication of Hamas is a betrayal to the Israeli people. Biden is trying to strong-arm Israel into a cease-fire that will only give Hamas time to regroup and launch even more attacks. And let's not forget, Biden's administration is relying on nations like Qatar and Turkey—countries that have openly supported Hamas—to broker this deal. This is a catastrophic failure in leadership and a dangerous gamble with the lives of innocent people. The only thing Biden's plan will achieve is making the world a more dangerous place.

Liberal Bias:

President Joe Biden is courageously stepping in to end a brutal conflict that has claimed the lives of over 36,000 Palestinians, yet the far-right Israeli government, led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is hell-bent on continuing this bloodshed. Biden's three-phase plan is a beacon of hope, offering a cease-fire and the possibility of peace, but Netanyahu and his extremist allies would rather see Gaza burn than compromise. National Security Minister Itamar Ben-Gvir and Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich are threatening to dismantle the government if even a hint of peace is entertained, proving once again that their agenda is driven by hatred and xenophobia. Biden is facing an uphill battle against these war hawks, but his dedication to peace and humanitarian aid is commendable. The international community, including the Group of Seven, supports Biden's plan, yet the Israeli leadership remains obstinate. It's time for the world to see Netanyahu and his cronies for what they are: obstacles to peace who are willing to sacrifice innocent lives to maintain their grip on power. Biden's proposal is the best chance for a lasting resolution, but it is being undermined by those who thrive on conflict and chaos.

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